The magazine, the mansion, the parade of playmates. It's no wonder men of more than one generation have dreamed of someday donning Hugh Hefner's pajamas.
If one of them could put the right deal together today, he could take over Hef's brand at a bargain price.
Around $2.50 a share, the company's total stock is worth about $84 million. That's less than the estimated value of the company-owned Gothic-Tudor Playboy mansion that's been home to so many infamous parties and pairings.
Throw in the rabbit-ear brand, the flagship magazine, a TV division and decades of original artwork from icons such as Andy Warhol, and you have an empire that is still easily worth more than $500 million.
Yet the market currently values Playboy at just $159 million -- that $84 million market capitalization plus $75 million worth of debt (that's total debt of $155 million minus cash in the bank).
In fact, several potential buyers are thought to be looking at taking over Hef's empire -- no doubt followed by long days working to revive it, spent in a bathrobe with pipe in hand.
Playboy's problemsWhy doesn't the empire Hef built get any respect on Wall Street? Like most media companies, Playboy is suffering a sharp pullback in advertising. Unlike most others, Playboy's market share continues to be eroded by readily available pornography on the Internet -- porn that makes Hef's once-shocking magazine these days seem shockingly tame.
Negative trends hit Playboy hard again in the second quarter. Including charge-offs for a much needed downsizing (Playboy recently closed its New York office), the company reported a huge $8.7 million loss in the second quarter, or 27 cents a share. Sales fell across the board, dragging overall revenue down 15%, to $62.2 million from $73.4 million a year ago.
Management is also in transition. At 83, Hefner remains the largest shareholder, but he passed the CEO reins to daughter Christie 20 years ago. She stepped aside in January, and former Freedom Communications CEO Scott Flanders took over. His résumé is long on publishing but doesn't suggest he knows anything about porn.
So there are good reasons to doubt Playboy stock. But the Street is overlooking a collection of hidden gems inside the empire worth much more than the company is going for today.
The Playboy brand: $200 millionPeople around the world know the Playboy rabbit logo. "'Excellent brand' is an understatement," says Gabe Fried of Streambank, a company that specializes in valuing intellectual assets.
How much is the bunny's brand worth? For help with that, I turned to experts on brand valuation at Boston's Gordon Brothers Group, which regularly purchases consumer brands. Along with some partners, Gordon Brothers recently bought the Polaroid brand for about $88 million. It also owns the Sharper Image and Linens 'n Things brands.
Based on Playboy's current annual licensing revenue of about $39 million, Gordon Brothers' Ken Frieze estimates the Playboy brand would sell for at least $150 million. But Frieze is being conservative, assuming flat revenue growth from licensing fees.
(Playboy's licensing fees are in decline right now, but Frieze says that may be simply a reflection of the current economic mess.)
Playboy has big plans for the brand. "In no way do we believe that we have reached the limit of what the licensing business can do," says Martha Lindeman of Playboy investor relations.
It has already licensed the logo for use on products as varied as women's lingerie, cigars and jewelry, and for use by the Palms Resort Casino in Las Vegas. The company has made a deal to have the Playboy logo on an entertainment venue in Macao in 2011. It's planning to launch a hotel-restaurant in Miami's trendy South Beach area and a gambling and entertainment venue in Mexico. "We're trying to build a pipeline that would allow us to build a venue every year," Lindeman says.
Plus, Playboy is rolling out branded consumer products in China, India and Latin America. It could also branch out into entirely new lines of business, like a modeling agency, Streambank's Fried says.
Because the recession won't hold down licensing revenue forever and there are still a lot more possibilities, I'll up Frieze's conservative estimate of the value of the brand to $200 million.