Intervention has long been a popular technique for urging addicts and alcoholics to seek treatment.
Typically, the targeted one is confronted by a roomful of family members, colleagues and friends who recount the addict's bad behavior and try to break through his or her denial about the problem. Chastened, the addict may agree to enter rehab.
Could similar techniques work on those who've mismanaged their financial lives? Could confrontation succeed with friends or relatives who run up big debts, fail to save and constantly ask for handouts?
Probably not, say experts in money and psychology.
Certainly not, say people who've tried it:
- "Absolute train wreck," pronounced Your Money poster "pondhopper," of a confrontation with an overspending sister-in-law, done "with the blessing of the rest of the family." When it went badly, pondhopper wrote, those same family members chastised pondhopper for interfering.
- "It just resulted in a bunch of excuses and even in some lying," wrote poster "dark phoenix" after confronting a sister. "Nowadays I just send her good articles or relay information and hope she reads them."
- Poster "Mikey02" said his repeated attempts to advise his overspending mother had an effect, but not the one he wanted. "She would avoid me and only talk to my wife because she knew the wife wouldn't bring it up," Mikey02 wrote. "Lately I have just felt like giving up, but I am so afraid they are going to come to me looking for money one of these days."
Those on the other side of the confrontation seem to be equally cynical about the encounters. Poster "LadyFrog" said her father-in-law, with whom she and her husband are temporarily living, intercepted one of her husband's bills and proceeded to yell at him about his irresponsibility. The dressing down, which started at the husband's workplace and continued later at home, wasn't justified, LadyFrog wrote."We got confronted over a bill that we were actively paying down, we had already changed our spending habits so that we could save more, we had a fund started to replace our car that was about to die and had paid off our two other cards," LadyFrog wrote.
The confrontation, and her father-in-law's continuing lectures about their finances and her husband's career, have soured them both. Her husband "no longer wants to have a relationship with his father after we leave. And he is willing to no longer have contact with his mother if (it) comes down to that."
Don't try this at homeExperts on money and psychology say they aren't surprised these showdowns went so badly.
"It puts the adult who is managing finances poorly in a childlike position, which nobody likes," said Thayer Willis, a therapist and the author of the book "Navigating the Dark Side of Wealth." Successful interventions with addicts are usually rehearsed and conducted by professionals, Willis noted. They're designed to help the person overcome denial and give up the substance that's causing the trouble.
Financial interventions, by contrast, are usually conducted by amateurs on impulse. And giving up money isn't an option.
"Financial mismanagement is more like an eating disorder," Willis said. "We have to have a relationship with food, and we have to have a relationship with money."
And instead of breaking through someone's denial, face-offs over money often just lead to resentment.
"There will be a lot of resistance," agreed Victoria Collins, a financial planner with a doctorate in psychology. People confronted this way are likely to think "it's their own business what they do with their lives and their money."
That's certainly the reaction pondhopper got after confronting the sister-in-law.
"She had the kids 'city camping' in the living room (with) no heat, no electricity, no money for landlord," pondhopper wrote. "We had bailed her out several times before . . . and so no one told us what was going on until (they were) in dire straits and then we were asked if we could do something as the little one needed meds and food would be nice too. We said we would but not until she faced the situation."
Pondhopper wanted the sister-in-law to hand over the financial reins, agree to a budget and let pondhopper handle the bills until she was back on her feet.
"We were told to get stuffed," pondhopper wrote.
Before you interfereDoes all this mean you can't advise friends or family who are going off the financial rails? No, but you want to be pretty careful how you go about it.
Decide if it really is your business. The angry target of your intervention may tell you it's not, and he or she is probably right, unless:
- You'll feel obligated to bail out the person eventually.
- He or she clearly expects a bailout.
If neither is the case, your path is clear: MYOB. (You can casually offer help, such as "You know, I've had some success dealing with credit card debt, and I'd be happy to share some tips if you're ever interested.")
If you'd feel responsible for the other person, though, explore that a bit.